Juniperus virginiana, commonly called Eastern Red Cedar, is a broadly conical, sometimes columnar, dense, evergreen conifer with horizontal branching that typically grows to 30-65’ tall. Its gray to reddish-brown bark exfoliates in thin shreddy strips on mature trees. Its trunks are often fluted at the base.
Wildlife Value: The Eastern red cedar provides winter cover. It is a host plant for the Juniper Hairstreak butterfly. Songbirds and small mammals eat the fruits. This tree is moderately resistant to damage done by deer.
Pollen cones small and yellowish on male trees; seed cones (“berries”) bluish on female trees. There are separate male and female trees with the female trees producing round, gray to blackish-green berry-like cones (1/4” diameter) that ripen in fall the first year.