Loquat or Japanese Plum is a small, short-trunked, upward-branching, broadleaf evergreen tree that typically grows to 10-25′ tall with a round form. It also often grows as a large spreading shrub. It is generally noted for its compact size, attractive foliage, fragrant flowers and edible fruit. Fruits have smooth to downy, yellow to orange skin. Fruits are excellent when eaten fresh off the tree or in salads, sauces, jellies/jams or tarts/pies.
It is easy to grow and adds a tropical look to gardens and especially around patio areas for shade. It grows well in a variety of soils of moderate fertility from light sandy loam to heavy clay, but needs good drainage. They have shallow roots, are wind tolerant and grow best in full sun to partial shade. The leaves are dark glossy green on the upper surface with whitish or rusty-hairy beneath.
Sweet fragrant blooms in fall form oval, rounded or pear shaped fruit in early spring in clusters of 4 to 30. Deep watering is needed for quality fruit. Loquats respond well to judicious pruning after harvest.